A conspiracy theory is a theory that defies common historical or current understanding of events, under the claim that those events are the result of manipulations by two or more individuals or various secretive powers or conspiracies.
Colloquially, a conspiracy theory is any unconventional theory about current or historical events, with the connotation that that theory is unfounded, outlandish, or irrational or in some way unworthy of serious consideration. In this sense, the term is sometimes used to refer to events with which no association to an actual "conspiracy" in the legal sense (two or more persons plotting and one overt act related to the plot) is claimed. In this sense "conspiracy theory" is often simply an allegation of clandestine action, based on little or no solid evidence. Thus the expression "conspiracy theory" in common speech is often used as a term of derision for an allegation that the speaker considers unproven, unlikely, or false.
Conspiracy theories in general allege that some particular event — such as an assassination, a revolution, or even the failure of a product — resulted not solely from the visible action of overt political or market forces, but rather from intentional covert action.
1 Conspiracy in a legal and historic sense
7.2 Human sacrifice
7.3 Secret societies and fraternities
7.4 "Babylon" and racist oppression
7.5 Suppressed technologies
7.6 Termination of rocket experiments at Cuxhaven
7.7 Suppressed automotive technology
7.8 Tesla and "free energy"
7.9 Trans-dimensional travel
7.12 Espionage agencies
7.13 Surveillance technologies
7.14 Technology and population control
7.15 Diseases and epidemics
7.16 Apocalyptic prophecies
7.17 September 11 terrorist attacks
7.18 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami conspiracy
- Daily Conspiracy Theories (http://www.rinf.com)
- Conspiracy Forums (http://www.abovetopsecret.com)
- Conspiracy Links (http://www.conspiracyarchive.com)
- Make Your Own Conspiracy Theory (http://www.cjnetworks.com/~cubsfan/conspiracy.html)
- The A-Z of Conspiracy Theories (http://www.conspiracybomb.com/azconspiracy.htm)
- The Reptilian Connection — David Icke (http://www.davidicke.com/icke/temp/reptconn.html)
- Top Ten Conspiracy Theories of 2002 (http://www.alternet.org/story.html?StoryID=14873), from AlterNet.
- http://news.independent.co.uk/world/middle_east/story.jsp?story=409090 (On Iraqi Defection)
- http://slate.msn.com/id/2077581&qp=26450 (On Iraqi Defection)
- ‘The Paranoid Style in American Politics (http://www.nationalism.org/patranoia/hofstadter-paranoid-style.htm)’ Richard Hofstadter, Harper's 1964 November
- Hutchinson, Martin, " The Bear's Lair: The new Cold War (http://www.upi.com/view.cfm?StoryID=20031006-060121-9328r)", UPI
- Skeptic's Dictionary on conspiracy theories (http://skepdic.com/illuminati.html)
- An Introduction to Conspiratorial History (http://www.threeworldwars.com/introduction-to-conspiratorial-history.htm)
- The economics of conspiracy theories (http://samvak.tripod.com/pp132.html)
- Amir Butler: Our Credibility Problem is a Conspiracy (http://www.amirbutler.com/archives/2002/11/15/12) (A discussion of the spread of conspiracy theories in the Muslim community)
- Interesting collection of conspiracy theories (in German) (http://verschwoerungen.info/wiki/Liste_der_Verschw%F6rungen)
- Essays about Conspiration theories (in German) (http://verschwoerungen.info/wiki/Liste_der_Essays)
- The Dynamics of Conspiracism (critical of conspiracy theories that scapegoat)